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Where is Baku on a Map?

Where is Baku on a Map

Key Takeaways

Fact DetailDescription
LocationBaku is situated in the South Caucasus region, on the western coast of the Caspian Sea.
CountryIt is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan.
Coordinates40.4093° N latitude and 49.8671° E longitude.
Cultural SignificanceBaku blends East and West, ancient and modern, with UNESCO heritage sites and contemporary architecture.
LanguageAzerbaijani is the official language, with Russian and English widely spoken.
Economic ImportanceBaku is a significant oil and gas hub with an economy boosted by the energy sector.

Baku, the vibrant capital city of Azerbaijan, is not just a point on the map but a mosaic of history, culture, and modernity. Situated at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, this city’s unique placement has carved out a rich cultural and economic landscape, which we will explore in this article.

Where is Baku on the Map?

Baku’s Geographic Coordinates: 40.4093° N, 49.8671° E

Unraveling Baku’s Location

Baku, the heart of Azerbaijan, is poised elegantly on the western shores of the Caspian Sea. To find Baku on a map, you’d look at the South Caucasus region, which serves as a bridge between Europe and Asia. This strategic location has infused Baku with a blend of cultural influences that echo through its streets.

Table 1: Baku’s Geographic Neighbors

DirectionBordering Entity or Water Body
NorthAbsheron Peninsula
EastCaspian Sea
SouthBaku Bay and the Caspian Sea
WestVarious Suburbs and Settlements

Baku’s Role in Azerbaijan

As the largest city in Azerbaijan, Baku serves as the political, economic, and cultural center of the country. It’s home to many important institutions, including government bodies, educational centers, and cultural organizations.

Economic Significance

Baku’s economy is largely supported by the vast oil and gas reserves found in and around the Caspian Basin. The city’s skyline, dotted with derricks and modern buildings, tells a story of its economic evolution.

Table 2: Baku’s Economic Highlights

Oil & GasPrimary driver, with a history dating back to the late 19th century
TourismGrowing sector, with an emphasis on historical and cultural attractions
TransportationHub for the region, including the Baku Port on the Caspian Sea

Baku’s Cultural Landscape

Baku’s location has made it a melting pot of cultures, bringing together the traditions of the East and the modernity of the West. This is reflected in the city’s architecture, cuisine, and everyday life.

Architectural Marvels

  • Ancient: The UNESCO-listed Old City, known as Icherisheher, with landmarks such as the Maiden Tower and the Palace of the Shirvanshahs.
  • Modern: The Flame Towers, which reflect Baku’s rich oil history and present-day prosperity.

Language and Diversity

  • Main Language: Azerbaijani
  • Widely Spoken: Russian and English, especially in business and tourism sectors.

Understanding Baku Through Its History

The history of Baku is as varied as its culture. Inhabited since the Stone Age, the city has seen the rise and fall of many empires and was a prominent city on the historical Silk Road.

A Brief Historical Timeline

  • 5th Century: Early settlements.
  • 12th Century: Becomes a thriving city under the Shirvanshahs.
  • 19th Century: Emergence as a global oil industry pioneer.
  • Early 20th Century: Brief independence before Soviet control.
  • 1991: Becomes the capital of independent Azerbaijan.

Tourism in Baku

With its unique blend of history and modernity, Baku is fast becoming a tourism hotspot. Visitors can experience everything from ancient caravanserais to modern shopping centers.

Must-Visit Attractions

  1. Icherisheher (Old City): Walk the cobblestone streets and explore centuries-old buildings.
  2. Flame Towers: Enjoy panoramic views of the city.
  3. Baku Boulevard: Stroll along the Caspian Sea promenade.
  4. Heydar Aliyev Center: Admire the contemporary architecture designed by Zaha Hadid.

Baku’s Modern Pulse

While embracing its history, Baku doesn’t shy away from the new. The city is a growing hub for the arts, cuisine, and entertainment.

A Culinary Journey

  • Traditional Cuisine: Pilaf, kebabs, and dolma.
  • Modern Twists: Fusion restaurants and international cuisine.

Festivals and Events

  • Novruz Bayram: Celebrating the Persian New Year.
  • Baku Jazz Festival: Showcasing local and international artists.


Baku is more than just a dot on the map; it’s a city that represents the fusion of history, culture, and modern growth. It beckons travelers and business people alike with its unique position on the world stage. Whether you’re interested in exploring ancient history, tasting diverse cuisines, or witnessing the rapid economic development, Baku holds a special allure that’s waiting to be discovered.

Understanding Baku’s precise location is the beginning of a fascinating journey into the heart of Azerbaijan. It’s a journey that promises the thrill of the ancient world and the comfort and excitement of the modern era. With each visit, Baku reveals another layer of its multifaceted personality, inviting the world to explore its treasures.