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What Language Do They Speak in Tuvalu?

What Language Do They Speak in Tuvalu

Key Takeaway

Fact CategoryInformation
Official LanguageTuvaluan and English
PopulationApprox. 11,000 (as of 2022)
CurrencyTuvaluan dollar & Australian dollar

The Tiny Island Nation of Tuvalu

Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a small island nation in the Pacific Ocean, located midway between Hawaii and Australia. Comprising nine islands, this tropical paradise might be tiny in size, but it boasts a rich tapestry of culture and language that is deeply ingrained in its inhabitants.

Languages Spoken in Tuvalu

While you might expect such a small country to have just one official language, Tuvalu actually has two: Tuvaluan and English.


Tuvaluan is the native language of the islands and is spoken by the majority of the population. This Polynesian language, closely related to the languages spoken in Samoa and Tokelau, has different dialects on some of the islands, but the differences are minor and they are mutually intelligible.


Despite the various dialects, there’s a standard Tuvaluan which is used in government proceedings, media, and education.

Some interesting features of the Tuvaluan language:

  • Vowels: Tuvaluan has five vowel phonemes, similar to many Polynesian languages.
  • Pronouns: The language uses both singular and plural pronouns.
  • Articles: Like other Polynesian languages, Tuvaluan has both definite and indefinite articles.


English is the second official language and it’s used primarily for governmental and international affairs. The British influence on Tuvalu, especially during the time when it was a British protectorate, has left its mark, leading to English being adopted as an official language.

English is taught in schools and is widely understood, especially in the capital, Funafuti. However, in daily conversations and community interactions, you’ll mostly hear the melodic sounds of Tuvaluan.

The Importance of Language Preservation

With the forces of globalization, small countries and their indigenous languages often face challenges. The ever-pervasive influence of media, travel, and global communication tools might threaten to overshadow native languages. Here’s how Tuvalu stands in this regard:

  • Education: In schools, while English is taught, the curriculum also emphasizes Tuvaluan, ensuring that the younger generation is well-versed in their native tongue.
  • Media: Local radio stations broadcast primarily in Tuvaluan. There’s also a Tuvaluan newspaper, ensuring that the language remains vibrant in daily life.
  • Culture: Traditional songs, dances, and ceremonies all use the Tuvaluan language, emphasizing its importance in preserving the nation’s cultural heritage.

List of Initiatives for Language Preservation in Tuvalu:

  1. Incorporation of Tuvaluan in primary education.
  2. Encouraging local storytelling in native language.
  3. Celebrating cultural events that emphasize traditional practices.
  4. Encouraging younger generations to learn traditional songs and dances.
  5. Integration of language lessons in community centers.


While Tuvalu might be small in terms of landmass and population, it is a nation with a strong cultural identity. The dual usage of Tuvaluan and English allows the country to maintain ties with its rich history while also engaging with the international community. As with many indigenous languages worldwide, there’s an inherent value in preserving and promoting the native tongue, as it is a reflection of a country’s heritage, values, and identity. The resilient spirit of the Tuvaluan people ensures that their language will continue to flourish, connecting generations past, present, and future.