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What Language Do They Speak in the United States of America?

What Language Do They Speak in the United States of America

Key Takeaways

Official LanguageNone at federal level. English is the de facto language.
Most Spoken LanguageEnglish
Noteworthy LanguagesSpanish, Chinese, Tagalog, Vietnamese, Arabic, French, Korean, Russian.
Bilingual PopulationOver 20% of the population.
Language DiversityOver 350 languages spoken at home.


The United States of America, often simply referred to as the United States (U.S. or US), is a melting pot of cultures and languages. Despite its rich linguistic diversity, it’s a common misconception that the U.S. has an official language. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of the languages spoken in the U.S., providing a comprehensive overview for those curious about the linguistic landscape of this vast nation.

English: The Predominant Language

English is undeniably the most widely spoken language in the U.S., with approximately 78% of the population speaking only English at home. It serves as the primary medium of communication, education, business, and governance. Though not designated as the “official” language at the federal level, many states have declared English as their official language.

Table: Top 5 States with the Highest Percentage of English Speakers

StatePercentage of English Speakers
West Virginia98.2%
New Hampshire97.2%

The Spanish Surge

Spanish is the second most spoken language in the U.S. due to close historical ties with Latin America and continuous immigration. Over 41 million U.S. residents speak Spanish at home, representing about 13% of the population.

  • States like California, Texas, and Florida have significant Spanish-speaking communities.
  • Spanish is also taught widely in schools, making it the most popular second language for students.

A Melting Pot of Languages

Apart from English and Spanish, the U.S. is home to speakers of countless other languages. Some of these languages reflect the nation’s immigrant history, while others represent indigenous communities.

Table: Other Significant Languages Spoken in the U.S.

LanguageNumber of SpeakersNotes
Chinese3.5 millionIncludes Mandarin and Cantonese
Tagalog1.6 millionMainly spoken by Filipino Americans
Vietnamese1.4 million
Arabic1.2 million
French1.2 millionIncludes both European and Creole French
Korean1.1 million
  • Indigenous Languages: There are over 150 Native American languages, with Navajo being the most spoken, boasting around 170,000 speakers.
  • African Languages: Due to recent immigration trends, African languages like Amharic, Yoruba, and Swahili have seen a rise in speakers.
  • European Languages: Apart from English, many European languages such as German, Polish, and Italian still have a presence, mostly among older generations.

The Bilingual Landscape

More than 20% of the U.S. population speaks a language other than English at home. Here’s what this landscape looks like:

  • Bilingualism is more prevalent among the immigrant population.
  • Spanish speakers make up the largest portion of the bilingual community.
  • In urban centers, it’s common to find areas where languages other than English dominate daily life.
  • Many U.S. businesses cater to bilingual or non-English speaking customers, reflecting the nation’s linguistic diversity.


While English reigns supreme in the U.S., it’s crucial to recognize and appreciate the country’s rich linguistic tapestry. From the bustling streets of New York City, where over 800 languages are spoken, to the Navajo communities preserving their native tongue, America is undeniably a land of linguistic diversity.

In today’s globalized world, the U.S.’s multilingualism is a strength, fostering understanding and connection with nations worldwide. Whether you’re a traveler, businessperson, or just a curious soul, understanding the linguistic nuances of the U.S. can provide a deeper insight into its vibrant culture and history.