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What Language Do They Speak in Thailand?

What Language Do They Speak in Thailand

Key Takeaways

Official LanguageThai
ScriptThai Script (Akson Thai)
Other LanguagesIsan, Southern Thai, Lanna, etc.
Language FamilyTai-Kadai
English ProficiencyVaried, higher in tourist areas

The Dominance of the Thai Language

Thailand, with its rich cultural heritage and distinct identity in Southeast Asia, has a language as unique as its history. The Thai language, known locally as Phasa Thai, is the official language of Thailand. It is the language of government, commerce, education, and everyday communication.

The Intricacies of Thai Script

The Thai script, called Akson Thai, is used to write the Thai language. Originating from the ancient Khmer script, it has its roots in the Brahmic family of scripts.

Characteristics of Thai ScriptDescription
FormAbugida, where each consonant may include an inherent vowel sound that can be changed with diacritics
Total Letters44 consonants and 15 vowel symbols

Tonal Nature of Thai Language

Thai is a tonal language, meaning that the meaning of a word can change based on the tone in which it’s pronounced. There are five tones in Thai: low, mid, high, rising, and falling. For those learning the language, mastering these tones is essential.

Regional Languages and Dialects

While Thai is the dominant language, Thailand is also home to a plethora of regional languages and dialects. These regional variants showcase the rich diversity of the nation.

  1. Isan (or Northeastern Thai): Spoken in the northeastern provinces of Thailand, it is closely related to the Lao language of neighboring Laos.
  2. Lanna (or Northern Thai): Native to the northern region, this language has its script and unique vocabulary.
  3. Southern Thai: Spoken in the southern provinces, it shares similarities with the Malay languages due to its geographical location.
  4. Pak Tai (or Central Thai): This is the standard dialect and the one most commonly taught to foreigners.

The Role of English and Other Foreign Languages

With the growing global influence and the rise in tourism, the importance of English in Thailand has surged. While English is not an official language, its presence is undeniable.

  • Education: English is taught in schools, with many Thais having a basic understanding of the language.
  • Tourist Areas: English proficiency tends to be higher in areas frequented by tourists like Bangkok, Chiang Mai, and popular islands.
  • Business: As Thailand continues to integrate with the global economy, English has become a crucial language in the business sector.

Apart from English, other languages like Chinese, Japanese, and Korean have also found their way into Thai society due to tourism, business, and cultural exchanges.

Popular Foreign Languages in ThailandReason for Popularity
EnglishTourism, Business, Education
ChineseTourism, Trade
JapaneseBusiness, Cultural ties
KoreanCulture, Entertainment

Preserving Linguistic Heritage

Thailand has taken significant steps to ensure that its linguistic heritage remains intact. The country understands the value of language in preserving its culture and identity.

  • Royal Institute of Thailand: This body is responsible for regulating and standardizing the Thai language.
  • Language Courses: Many institutions across Thailand offer courses in local dialects and languages, ensuring their survival and continued relevance.
  • Literature and Media: Both traditional and modern Thai literature, as well as media, play a vital role in the preservation and promotion of the language.


The linguistic landscape of Thailand is as diverse and vibrant as its cultural and natural wonders. While Thai stands as the pillar, regional languages, dialects, and an increasing influence of foreign languages enrich the country’s linguistic tapestry. For those considering a visit or even learning the language, embracing the intricacies of Thai and its regional counterparts promises a deeper connection with the Land of Smiles.