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What Language Do They Speak in Jordan?

What Language Do They Speak in Jordan

Jordan, a country with a rich history dating back to ancient times, is a linguistic melting pot. Its official language is Arabic, with a Jordanian dialect that is distinct yet understandable to most Arabic speakers. But, that’s just a sliver of the linguistic spectrum you’ll encounter here. Let’s delve into the languages spoken in Jordan, and how they reflect the nation’s cultural diversity and historical legacy.

Key Takeaways

Official LanguageArabic
DialectsJordanian Arabic, Bedouin dialects
Other LanguagesEnglish, French, Armenian, Circassian
Language LearningArabic and English are taught in schools
SignificanceReflects Jordan’s historical and cultural diversity

The Dominance of Arabic

Arabic, the official language of Jordan, is the primary medium of communication, both in official capacities and daily interactions. The language is deeply ingrained in the country’s identity and reflects its Arab heritage.

Dialectal Varieties

Jordan, like many Arabic-speaking countries, has a variety of dialects. The most prominent is Jordanian Arabic, which is used across much of the country. However, there’s also a notable presence of Bedouin dialects, especially among the nomadic and semi-nomadic populations.

Dialect GroupFeaturesRegions Spoken
Jordanian ArabicInfluenced by the surrounding Levantine dialectsNationwide
BedouinUnique vocabulary and pronunciationRural areas

Arabic’s Historical Legacy

Arabic in Jordan is not just a language, but a bearer of the country’s historical and cultural legacy. Its script adorns ancient monuments and modern-day institutions alike, encapsulating centuries of Jordan’s narrative.

The Western Influence: English and French

Western languages, primarily English, have a significant presence in Jordan due to historical ties and ongoing globalisation. English, in particular, is widely taught in schools and used in business settings.

Language Education

In Jordan, the education system emphasizes bilingualism. From an early age, students are taught both Arabic and English. This bilingual approach prepares Jordanians for a globalized world, and reflects the country’s progressive educational outlook.

LanguageLevel IntroducedUsage
ArabicPrimaryOfficial, daily communication
EnglishPrimaryBusiness, education, tourism

French and Other European Languages

While not as prevalent as English, French and other European languages have a niche presence in Jordan, often within the expatriate community or among those with a particular interest in European culture.

The Ethnic Mosaic: Armenian and Circassian Languages

Jordan’s demographic tapestry includes Armenian and Circassian communities, each with their own language and cultural traditions.

Armenian Community

The Armenian community in Jordan, although small, has a significant cultural presence. Their language, Armenian, is often spoken within the community, preserving their linguistic heritage.

Circassian Community

Similarly, the Circassian community in Jordan, descendants of migrants from the Caucasus, maintain their language and cultural traditions, adding to the linguistic diversity of the country.


Jordan’s linguistic landscape is a fascinating reflection of its historical, cultural, and social narrative. From the dominance of Arabic, the influence of western languages, to the preservation of ethnic languages, Jordan embodies a linguistic richness that is a testament to its diverse heritage.