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What Language Do They Speak in Fiji?

What language do they speak in Fiji

Fiji, an archipelago in the South Pacific, is not only known for its stunning natural beauty but also for its rich linguistic and cultural diversity. The country is a medley of cultures, which is reflected in the languages spoken across the islands. In this article, we delve into the linguistic landscape of Fiji, exploring the major languages spoken, the influences of foreign languages, and the country’s efforts to preserve its linguistic heritage.

Key Takeaways

Official LanguageFijian, Fiji Hindi, and English
Indigenous LanguageFijian
Foreign InfluencesEnglish, Hindi, and other Pacific Island languages
Language PreservationFijian government promoting the use of Fijian languages

The Linguistic Landscape of Fiji

Fiji is home to a multitude of languages, thanks to its rich cultural history. The three official languages of Fiji are Fijian, Fiji Hindi, and English, each having a unique place in the country’s social, economic, and political landscape.

Fijian Language

Fijian, an Austronesian language, is the indigenous language of the Fijian people. The Fijian language has several dialects, with the Bauan dialect being considered the standard.

BauanBau Island
LauanLau Islands
Namosi-Naitasiri-NakorotubuViti Levu

The Fijian language is an integral part of the island’s identity, binding communities together with a shared linguistic heritage.

Alphabet and Phonology

Fijian alphabet consists of 18 letters, and the phonology is relatively simple with five vowels and 13 consonants. The language is known for its vowel-centric phonology and lack of consonant clusters.

  • Vowels: a, e, i, o, u
  • Consonants: b, c, d, g, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v

Fiji Hindi

Fiji Hindi, a descendant of the Awadhi and Bhojpuri dialects of Hindi, is spoken by the descendants of Indian indentured laborers who were brought to the islands by British colonial rulers in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The language has evolved uniquely in Fiji, incorporating elements from Fijian and English.

English Language

English, a remnant of the British colonial period, serves as a lingua franca among Fijians and is widely used in government, education, and media. Its widespread use is a testament to Fiji’s connection to the global community.

Foreign Influences and Language Evolution

Fiji’s linguistic landscape has been greatly influenced by its interactions with other cultures and nations. The impact of British colonialism is evident, with English being one of the official languages. Additionally, the influx of Indian indentured laborers introduced Hindi to the islands.

InfluencerLanguage Impact
British ColonialismEnglish
Indian ImmigrationFiji Hindi
Pacific NeighborsPolynesian and Melanesian languages

The interaction between these languages and cultures has contributed to a rich linguistic tapestry, with many Fijians being bilingual or trilingual.

Preserving Linguistic Heritage

In recent years, there has been a resurgence in efforts to preserve and promote Fijian languages. The government and local communities have launched initiatives to teach Fijian languages in schools and to celebrate the linguistic diversity of the islands.

  • School Programs: Introduction of Fijian languages in the school curriculum to foster linguistic pride and preservation.
  • Language Festivals: Celebrating Fiji’s linguistic heritage through festivals and events.
  • Media Representation: Increasing representation of Fijian languages in local media to promote linguistic diversity.


Fiji’s linguistic landscape is a reflection of its diverse cultural heritage. The interplay of indigenous, foreign, and colonial influences has created a rich linguistic tapestry that is an integral part of the Fijian identity. Through various preservation initiatives, Fiji is working towards honoring and sustaining its linguistic legacy, ensuring that future generations continue to celebrate the country’s rich linguistic and cultural diversity.