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What Language Do They Speak in Czech Republic?

What Language Do They Speak in Czech Republic

The Czech Republic, nestled in the heart of Central Europe, is a land of architectural marvels, scenic landscapes, and a rich linguistic tapestry that mirrors its historical and cultural heritage. While Czech is the predominant and official language, the linguistic diversity extends beyond, encapsulating a variety of dialects and foreign languages. This article dives into the linguistic realm of the Czech Republic, exploring its official language, dialectical variations, and the prevalence of other languages.

Key TakeawayDetail
Official LanguageCzech
RegionCentral Europe
Population10.7 million (2021)
Language FamilyIndo-European, West Slavic
Foreign LanguagesEnglish, German, Slovak, Russian, Polish
Minority LanguagesRomani, Polish, Slovak

The Dominance of Czech: A Historical Legacy

The Czech language (Čeština) stands as a testament to the nation’s rich history and cultural lineage. Rooted in the West Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family, Czech shares similarities with Slovak and Polish. The language’s evolution has been significantly influenced by Latin and German, reflecting the region’s historical interactions and geopolitical circumstances.

Czech Language Statistics

Number of SpeakersOver 10 million native speakers
Global Ranking82nd most spoken language worldwide
Number of Dialects3 main dialects (Bohemian, Moravian, Silesian)
ScriptLatin script with additional diacritics
Language RegulatorThe Institute of the Czech Language

The historical trajectory of the Czech language showcases a resilient retention of its Slavic roots amidst periods of foreign domination and linguistic impositions. The 19th-century National Revival played a pivotal role in rejuvenating Czech language and identity, steering it away from the brink of extinction.

Dialectical Variations: A Mirror to Regional Identities

Dialects in the Czech Republic offer a fascinating glimpse into the regional identities and cultural nuances of its diverse populace. The primary dialects include Bohemian, Moravian, and Silesian, each bearing distinct phonetic, lexical, and grammatical traits.

  • Bohemian Dialects: Predominant in the western and central regions encompassing Prague.
  • Moravian Dialects: Spoken across the eastern regions, showcasing a higher degree of variability.
  • Silesian Dialects: Found in the northeastern fringes, sharing traits with Polish and Slovak dialects.

The dialectical diversity enriches the linguistic landscape, fostering a sense of local pride and cultural belonging amongst the communities.

Multilingualism: A Window to the World

The Czech Republic’s linguistic versatility extends to foreign languages, reflecting its openness to global interactions. English and German are prevalent, especially amongst the younger generation and in the business realm. Other languages such as Russian, Slovak, and Polish also find a footing due to historical ties and geographical proximity.

Proficiency in Foreign Languages

LanguagePercentage of Population

Minority Languages: Voices of The Marginalized

Minority languages in the Czech Republic represent the social and cultural fabric of its populace. Romani, Polish, and Slovak are recognized minority languages, echoing the voices of the marginalized and showcasing the nation’s multicultural inclusivity.


The linguistic sphere of the Czech Republic is a blend of historical legacy, cultural diversity, and global outlook. As we unravel the layers of its linguistic identity, we delve deeper into the essence of what makes the Czech Republic a unique and captivating realm.