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Do They Speak English in Kenya?

Do They Speak English in Kenya

Key Takeaways

Official Languages of KenyaEnglish and Swahili (Kiswahili)
English Proficiency among Kenyan PopulationWidespread, especially in urban areas and educational settings
Importance of English in KenyaUsed in government, legal system, business, and education
Other Languages Spoken in KenyaOver 40 ethnic languages, with Kikuyu and Luo being prominent


Kenya, located in East Africa, is a melting pot of diverse cultures, languages, and traditions. This diversity extends to its linguistic landscape. For many who plan to visit or do business in Kenya, one common question arises: “Do they speak English in Kenya?” This article delves into this question, shedding light on Kenya’s linguistic diversity and the role English plays in its society.

The Historical Backdrop of English in Kenya

The Colonial Era

The presence of English in Kenya can be traced back to the colonial era. Kenya was a British colony from the late 19th century until 1963. During this period, English became the language of administration, governance, and education. While the colonial era ended, the legacy of English persisted.


After gaining independence in 1963, Kenya adopted both English and Swahili as its official languages. While Swahili is indigenous to the East African region, the inclusion of English was largely due to its established importance in governance, education, and international relations.

Linguistic Landscape of Kenya

Official Languages

Kenya boasts two official languages:

  1. English – Primarily used for official purposes, including in the government, legal system, and education.
  2. Swahili (Kiswahili) – Widely spoken across the country and serves as a lingua franca for many Kenyans.

English Proficiency

English proficiency in Kenya is widespread. Here’s a brief breakdown:

Setting/AreaEnglish Proficiency
Urban areas (like Nairobi, Mombasa)High proficiency, commonly spoken
Educational institutionsMedium to high proficiency, primary medium of instruction
Rural regionsVariable, but generally lower than in urban areas

In urban settings, you’ll find that most Kenyans speak fluent English. In schools, English is the medium of instruction from primary level onwards, ensuring that most Kenyans have at least a basic grasp of the language.

Other Languages

Kenya is linguistically rich, with over 40 ethnic languages. Some of the major ones include:

  • Kikuyu – Spoken by the Kikuyu community, the largest ethnic group in Kenya.
  • Luo – Language of the Luo people, predominant around Lake Victoria.
  • Luhya, Kamba, Kalenjin, and Maasai – Other significant languages, each representing distinct ethnic communities.

The Role of English in Modern Kenya

Business and Commerce

English is pivotal in the Kenyan business world. Given Kenya’s status as a major East African economic hub, English serves as a bridge for international trade and investment. Whether you’re in Nairobi’s central business district or attending a tech conference in the “Silicon Savannah,” you’ll find English to be indispensable.


As previously mentioned, English is the medium of instruction in Kenyan educational institutions. This means:

  • Textbooks and exams are primarily in English.
  • University courses, especially, are conducted entirely in English.
  • International curriculums, like the British curriculum, are popular in private schools.

Media and Entertainment

Kenya’s media landscape is also dominated by English:

  • National newspapers, such as the “Daily Nation” and “The Standard”, are published in English.
  • English TV channels and radio stations are popular, especially in urban areas.

Tips for Travelers

If you’re planning to visit Kenya, here are a few tips:

  • In major cities and tourist hubs, English is widely understood and spoken. You’ll have no trouble navigating, shopping, or dining out.
  • Learning a few basic Swahili phrases can be beneficial and appreciated by locals. A simple “Jambo!” (Hello) can go a long way.
  • While English is prevalent, be mindful and patient when traveling to remote or rural areas where English proficiency might be lower.


To answer the question succinctly: Yes, they do speak English in Kenya. It plays an integral role in various facets of Kenyan society. Whether you’re a traveler, an entrepreneur, or just someone curious about Kenyan culture, understanding the prominence of English in Kenya offers valuable insights into its rich and diverse tapestry.