Skip to main content

Do They Speak English in Estonia?

Do They Speak English in Estonia

Key Takeaways

Official Language of EstoniaEstonian
English ProficiencyHigh among younger generation and in business and tourism sectors
Percentage of English SpeakersApproximately 50% of the population
Common Languages Spoken in EstoniaEstonian, Russian, English, Finnish, Swedish
Importance of EnglishEssential for international business, tourism, and higher education

Estonia’s Linguistic Landscape

Estonia, a small Baltic country in Northern Europe, has a rich linguistic history that is intertwined with its complex past. The official language of Estonia is Estonian, a Finno-Ugric language closely related to Finnish and distantly related to Hungarian. However, due to historical reasons, Russian has a significant presence as well.

But what about English? In recent years, the English language has made significant inroads in Estonia, particularly among the younger generation.

English Proficiency Levels

Research suggests that a significant portion of Estonia’s population is proficient in English. Specifically, approximately 50% of the population speaks English to some degree. This proficiency is even higher among younger generations, who often learn English as a second language in school.

Age GroupEnglish Proficiency
30-49Moderate to High
50+Low to Moderate

Reasons for English Proliferation

  1. Education System: English is taught as a mandatory foreign language in Estonian schools. This ensures that by the time students graduate, they have a functional knowledge of the language.
  2. Business and Technology: Estonia’s tech boom, including the rise of global companies like Skype, has necessitated English as the medium of communication in many business and tech environments.
  3. Tourism: With increasing numbers of international tourists visiting Estonia, English has become an essential language for those in the hospitality industry.
  4. Cultural Consumption: Movies, TV shows, and music from English-speaking countries are popular in Estonia, further driving the adoption of the language.

Multilingualism in Estonia

Estonians, in general, are quite multilingual. Besides Estonian and English, many also speak Russian, particularly the older generation and the Russian-speaking minority in the country. Other languages, such as Finnish and Swedish, also have some presence due to historical and geographical reasons.

Common Languages Spoken in Estonia

  • Estonian: The official language, spoken by the majority.
  • Russian: Spoken by the Russian minority and older Estonians.
  • English: Widely spoken, especially among younger people.
  • Finnish: Some similarity to Estonian, spoken by those with connections to Finland.
  • Swedish: Historically spoken in certain coastal areas.

The Importance of English in Estonia

While Estonian remains the dominant language for everyday communication, the importance of English cannot be understated. Here’s why:

Business and Innovation

Estonia has been dubbed the “Silicon Valley of Europe,” with a burgeoning tech industry and start-up culture. For these businesses to compete on the global stage, English is indispensable. Many Estonian companies operate internationally, making English the go-to language for business communications.

Higher Education

Many higher education courses, particularly postgraduate programs, are taught in English to attract international students and offer a globally-recognized education.


Estonia’s picturesque landscapes, medieval architecture, and vibrant culture are drawing tourists from all over the world. To cater to this diverse group, knowledge of English is crucial, especially in major tourist hubs like Tallinn.

Wrapping It Up

So, do they speak English in Estonia? The answer is a resounding yes. While it may not be the primary language for all, its presence is undeniable and continues to grow. Whether you’re a tourist, a businessperson, or just curious, you’ll find that communicating in English in Estonia is both possible and common, especially in urban areas and among the younger generation.