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Do They Speak English in Bulgaria?

Do They Speak English in Bulgaria

Key Takeaways

Official LanguageBulgarian
English ProficiencyModerate among younger generation, limited among older generations
English in EducationTaught in schools from an early age
TourismMost tourist areas have English speakers


Bulgaria, a picturesque country nestled in Southeast Europe, boasts a rich history, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes. But for many English-speaking travelers, there’s a pressing question: Do they speak English in Bulgaria? The answer is a mix of history, culture, and modern trends.

The Official Language of Bulgaria: Bulgarian

Bulgarian is the official language of Bulgaria and is spoken by the majority of the population. It is a South Slavic language and uses the Cyrillic alphabet. While the country is proud of its linguistic heritage, globalization and modernization have brought other languages into the fold, including English.

Table 1: Major Languages Spoken in Bulgaria

LanguagePercentage of Population

English Proficiency in Bulgaria

The Younger Generation

The proficiency of English in Bulgaria varies considerably by age group. The younger generation, especially those under 30, tend to have a moderate to high proficiency in English. This is largely due to:

  • Education: English is taught in Bulgarian schools from an early age, often starting in primary school.
  • Media Influence: English-language films, TV shows, music, and online content are popular and readily available in Bulgaria.
  • Travel: Younger Bulgarians often travel abroad for education or work, which boosts their language skills.

The Older Generation

Conversely, the older generation might have limited English proficiency. Their education occurred during the communist era, where Russian was the predominant foreign language taught in schools. However, some might have picked up basic English through travel or personal interest.

Table 2: English Proficiency by Age Group

Age GroupProficiency Level
Under 30Moderate to High
Over 50Limited to None

English in the Tourism Sector

Bulgaria is a popular tourist destination, known for its Black Sea beaches, winter sports, and historical sites. As a result, the tourism sector has adapted to cater to international visitors. In major tourist areas such as Sofia, Plovdiv, Varna, and the ski resorts of Bansko and Borovets, you’ll find:

  1. Hotel Staff: Most are proficient in English and are accustomed to assisting English-speaking guests.
  2. Menus: Many restaurants offer menus in English or have picture-based menus.
  3. Guides: Tour guides often speak multiple languages, including English.
  4. Information Points: Tourist information centers generally have English-speaking staff.

That being said, if you venture off the beaten track, English proficiency might decrease. It’s always handy to learn a few basic Bulgarian phrases to help bridge the language gap.

Tips for English Speakers Traveling to Bulgaria

If you’re planning a trip to Bulgaria and wondering about the language barrier, here are some tips:

  • Learn Basic Phrases: Even simple greetings or thank yous in Bulgarian can make a difference.
  • Use Technology: Translation apps can be a lifesaver in non-touristy areas.
  • Body Language: When words fail, gestures can help convey basic messages.
  • Patience is Key: Remember, even if someone doesn’t speak fluent English, they’re likely trying their best to understand and assist you.


Bulgaria is an enchanting destination with a deep cultural tapestry. While Bulgarian is the primary language, the influence of English, particularly among the younger generation and in the tourism sector, is undeniable. As with any travel experience, a blend of preparation, patience, and open-mindedness will ensure a memorable and enriching journey.