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Do They Speak English in Belarus?

Do They Speak English in Belarus

Key Takeaways

Official LanguageBelarusian and Russian
English ProficiencyGrowing, especially among the younger generation
Tourism & EnglishCommon in tourist areas, not as prevalent in rural regions
Learning EnglishTaught in schools, private institutions, and online

Historical Background of Languages in Belarus

Belarus, located in Eastern Europe, is bordered by Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania, and Latvia. Historically, it has been a crossroads of cultures and languages. Its primary languages are Belarusian and Russian, both holding official status.

Language Statistics in Belarus

LanguagePercentage of Population
Other languages5.3%

Belarusian is the national language, but due to historical ties and political influence, Russian is widely spoken and understood. The remaining 5.3% consists of languages like Polish, Ukrainian, and others.

English in Belarus

English isn’t an official language in Belarus, but its importance has grown considerably over the last few decades, particularly with the globalization of trade, tourism, and technology.

Reasons for Growing English Proficiency

  1. Tourism: Belarus has seen a surge in tourism, especially after the introduction of a 30-day visa-free regime for several countries. Tourists expect to communicate in English, pushing businesses in the service industry to adapt.
  2. Education: Belarusians understand the significance of English in global communication. Many parents enroll their children in English classes from an early age.
  3. Business: With Belarus aiming to attract foreign investment and increase its international trade, English proficiency becomes essential.
  4. Culture & Media: Consumption of English media — movies, music, books, and internet content — has contributed to increasing familiarity with the language.

English Proficiency Levels

Age GroupProficiency Level
Younger generation (under 30)High to Moderate; often fluent or conversational
Middle-aged (30-50)Moderate; basic conversational skills
Older generation (50+)Low to None; might not understand English at all

The younger generation is most proficient in English, having been exposed to it from an early age through schools and media. The middle-aged group might have learned some English, but proficiency varies. The older generation, having grown up during the Soviet era, may not speak English at all.

Learning English in Belarus

The Belarusian education system has incorporated English as a part of its curriculum, and it’s taught from primary levels. Here are the ways Belarusians learn English:

  • Schools: English is a mandatory subject in many schools, with students starting their lessons as early as the first grade.
  • Private Institutions: Numerous language schools and courses offer specialized English training.
  • Online Platforms: With the rise of digital learning platforms like Duolingo, Coursera, and others, many Belarusians opt for online courses.
  • Language Exchanges: Many students and professionals participate in language exchange programs to improve their English proficiency.

Traveling in Belarus: Can You Rely on English?

For travelers, knowing what to expect in terms of language can be immensely helpful. Here are some points to consider:

  • Cities vs. Rural Areas: In cities like Minsk, Brest, or Gomel, you’re more likely to encounter English speakers, especially in service industries like hotels, restaurants, and tourism. Rural areas, on the other hand, may have fewer English speakers.
  • Younger vs. Older Population: As mentioned earlier, younger Belarusians are more likely to understand and speak English.
  • Signage: Major tourist attractions, transport hubs, and hotels often have signage in English.
  • Local Interaction: Knowing basic Belarusian or Russian phrases can be helpful when interacting with locals, especially in areas where English isn’t commonly spoken.


While English isn’t native to Belarus, its presence is undeniable. The younger generation, driven by opportunities in tourism, business, and education, is increasingly proficient. As a traveler, you can get by with English in urban areas, but venturing into the heartland might require some knowledge of Belarusian or Russian. Whether you’re doing business, studying, or just exploring, understanding the linguistic landscape of Belarus will undoubtedly enhance your experience.