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Do They Speak English in Armenia?

Do They Speak English in Armenia

Key Takeaway

Information CategoryDetails
Official LanguageArmenian
Percentage of English SpeakersApproximately 30% of the population
Proficiency LevelVaried; generally intermediate in urban areas
Popular LanguagesArmenian, Russian, and English
Education SystemEnglish is taught from primary school

A Glimpse into Armenia’s Linguistic Landscape

Armenia, a country rich in history and culture, is predominantly an Armenian-speaking nation. The Armenian language, with its unique script, holds significant importance and is used in official documents, media, and daily communications. However, the role and presence of the English language in Armenia cannot be overlooked. Let’s take a closer look.

Armenia’s Multilingual Heritage

The Armenian linguistic landscape isn’t monolithic. While Armenian is the native tongue, there are several languages spoken due to historical, cultural, and geopolitical reasons:

  1. Armenian: The state language and mother tongue of over 98% of the population.
  2. Russian: Historically significant due to the Soviet era, Russian is widely spoken and understood, especially by the older generation.
  3. English: Rising in prominence, especially among the younger generation.

Table 1: Popular Languages in Armenia

LanguageApproximate Percentage of Speakers

The Emergence of English

Post-independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Armenia started gravitating towards the West in various spheres, including education. This shift resulted in English gradually becoming a popular foreign language, with an increasing number of Armenians embracing it.

Why English?

  • Tourism: Armenia’s picturesque landscapes, ancient monasteries, and rich cultural heritage attract tourists. English, being an international lingua franca, plays a crucial role in the tourism sector.
  • Business & IT: Armenia’s budding IT sector and entrepreneurial ecosystem have global aspirations. English proficiency is seen as a gateway to international markets.
  • Education: More Armenians are seeking higher education abroad, primarily in English-speaking countries.

The Education System

Armenia’s education system has been adapting to the global significance of English. Here are some points illustrating the role of English in Armenian schools:

  • English is introduced as a subject from the 2nd grade.
  • In many schools, English is taught even from the 1st grade.
  • The emphasis on English continues through high school.
  • English Language Olympiads are organized at various levels to promote proficiency among students.

Table 2: Levels of English Instruction in Armenia

Education LevelEnglish Instruction
Primary SchoolIntroduced as a subject, foundational skills are emphasized
Middle SchoolAdvanced grammar, vocabulary, and conversation skills
High SchoolPreparation for university, advanced literature, and exams

Universities and Beyond

At the university level:

  • Many programs, especially in business and IT, are offered in English.
  • There are exchange programs with English-speaking countries.
  • English resource centers and clubs are common across campuses.

Proficiency Levels Across the Population

While many Armenians have basic English skills, proficiency varies:

  • Urban Areas: Yerevan, the capital, boasts a higher percentage of English speakers. Young adults and professionals often have intermediate to advanced proficiency.
  • Rural Areas: English proficiency is generally lower. However, younger generations in these areas are catching up thanks to improved educational resources.

Tips for English-Speaking Travelers

If you’re an English-speaking traveler:

  • Major Cities: You’ll find many English speakers, especially in service sectors like hotels, restaurants, and tourism.
  • Apps & Translation Devices: Helpful in rural areas where English speakers might be sparse.
  • Learn Basic Armenian: Knowing greetings and common phrases can be a delightful way to connect with locals.


While Armenia is rooted in its native Armenian language, the tides of globalization and the strategic importance of English in education, business, and tourism have made it a significant secondary language. English speakers will find the country accommodating, especially in urban areas, and with the younger generation being more proficient, the future of English in Armenia seems bright.