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Capital of Bangladesh

Capital of Bangladesh

Key Takeaways: Dhaka, The Capital of Bangladesh

PopulationApproximately 21 million (as of 2023)
LanguageBengali (Bangla)
CurrencyBangladeshi Taka (BDT)
Known ForRickshaws, historical monuments, vibrant culture
Main AttractionsLalbagh Fort, Ahsan Manzil, National Parliament House
Time ZoneBangladesh Standard Time (BST) UTC+6
ClimateTropical monsoon climate

Introduction to Dhaka: The Pulse of Bangladesh

Dhaka is not only the capital of Bangladesh but also its largest city and the principal center of culture, education, and business. With its origins dating back to the 7th century, Dhaka has a storied past that unfolds in its diverse architecture, bustling streets, and the rich tapestry of its people’s lives. In this article, we’ll journey through the streets of Dhaka, uncovering its history, exploring its attractions, and diving deep into the culture that pulsates through its veins.

Historical Context of Dhaka

7th CenturyEarliest recorded history of Dhaka region
17th CenturyDhaka becomes the capital of Mughal Bengal
1905Designated the capital of East Bengal and Assam
1947Becomes the provincial capital of East Pakistan
1971Emerges as the capital of an independent Bangladesh

Dhaka’s rich history has shaped its unique identity. The city was once known as the “Venice of the East” during the Mughal era, when it was a prosperous trade center. The British Raj, the Partition of Bengal, and the Liberation War of Bangladesh have each left indelible marks on the city’s socio-cultural and physical landscape.

The Culture and People of Dhaka

Dhaka is a melting pot of cultures, with a population that is a blend of different ethnic groups and religions living in harmony. The city celebrates both Islamic and Bengali festivals with equal fervor, showcasing a diverse cultural heritage.

Festivals and Celebrations:

  • Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha: Major Islamic celebrations marked with communal prayers and feasts.
  • Durga Puja: A significant Hindu festival celebrated with great enthusiasm.
  • Pohela Boishakh: The Bengali New Year, a cultural festivity that brings the city to life with colorful processions and traditional music.

Economy and Development

Dhaka is the economic powerhouse of Bangladesh. The city’s economy is diverse, with industries ranging from finance and banking to textiles and manufacturing. It is also the center of the country’s booming garment industry, which is one of the world’s largest.

Tourist Attractions in Dhaka

Dhaka is home to numerous historical landmarks and museums that offer a glimpse into the nation’s past and cultural heritage.

Top Places to Visit:

  1. Lalbagh Fort: An incomplete 17th-century Mughal fort complex that stands as a testament to the historical richness of Dhaka.
  2. Ahsan Manzil: Known as the Pink Palace, this was the residence of the Nawab of Dhaka.
  3. National Parliament House: Designed by the famous architect Louis Kahn, it is an architectural marvel and a must-visit.

Living in Dhaka: The Daily Tapestry

Living in Dhaka can be both challenging and exhilarating. The city’s dense population contributes to its vibrant atmosphere but also to significant traffic congestion. Yet, the warmth of its people, the depth of its culture, and the vibrancy of daily life make Dhaka a captivating place to live and visit.

Exploring the Streets of Dhaka

Dhaka’s streets are a symphony of sights, sounds, and colors. From the rickshaw-art adorned cycle rickshaws to the savory aroma of street food, the city offers an experience like no other.

Popular Foods to Try:

  • Biryani: A fragrant rice dish with meat, typically served during special occasions.
  • Hilsa Fish Curry: The national dish of Bangladesh, often cooked with mustard and spices.
  • Pitha: Traditional Bengali cakes or dumplings that are a staple during the winter months.

Transportation in Dhaka

Mode of TransportDetails
RickshawsOver 500,000 rickshaws, an eco-friendly way to navigate the city’s narrow lanes.
BusesThe most common form of public transport, connecting all parts of the city.
Taxis and CNGMetered taxis and CNG auto-rickshaws are available for more comfortable and private travel.

Despite the availability of various modes of transportation, traffic congestion remains a significant challenge in Dhaka.

Challenges and Advancements

Dhaka faces various urban challenges including overpopulation, pollution, and infrastructure development. However, the government is taking steps to address these issues through urban planning initiatives and infrastructural development.

Future Prospects

The construction of the Dhaka Metro Rail is underway, aiming to alleviate traffic congestion. The city is also experiencing a rise in the development of high-rise buildings, indicating a move toward vertical expansion to address the issue of space constraints.


Dhaka, the heart of Bangladesh, beats with a rhythm of resilience and warmth. Despite its challenges, the city’s rich history, diverse culture, and economic significance make it a fascinating place for both residents and travelers. As Dhaka continues to grow and develop, it remains a symbol of the nation’s progress and potential.

Whether you’re drawn to its historical landmarks, vibrant culture, or the promise of economic opportunity, Dhaka is a city that demands attention and leaves a lasting impression. Discover the charm of Dhaka, and immerse yourself in the essence of Bangladesh.